On March 20, 2018 we have two things to celebrate – the spring equinox (the first day of spring) and National Agriculture Day. After the winter we’ve experienced, I think most of us are more than ready to see the first day of spring arrive! But why celebrate National Agriculture Day?
The Agricultural Council of America established National Ag Day in 1973 as a way to help Americans recognize the value of agriculture in their daily lives. It’s a day to celebrate the abundance provided by agriculture.
Agriculture produces almost everything we eat. We are blessed to have safe, abundant, and affordable food. Today, each American farm produces food and fiber for 165 people. Due to mechanization and other efficient management practices, this number has dramatically increased from 25 people in the 1960s. This number will need to continue to grow in the future as our world population increases, while the number of actual farmers is projected to decline. Technology has helped farmers do more with less, and will continue to do so in the future.
Much of what we wear and use daily is produced by agriculture. From the cotton in our socks to the ethanol-infused gasoline in our cars, agriculture affects every aspect of our lives. Ohio’s 75,000 farms grow over 200 different products, from corn and cows to blueberries and honeybees. The average size of Ohio’s farms is 184 acres, while 42% are less than 50 acres.
Agriculture is Ohio’s largest industry, contributing $105 billion annually, and it plays an essential role in maintaining a strong economy. Yet, less than 2% of Americans are employed in what we think of as traditional agriculture – the hands-on farming and ranching. Over 22 million people are employed in an agriculture related fields, whether it be food science or inspection, packaging, agriculture engineering, or conservation. One in 12 American jobs is dependent upon agriculture.
Americans spend approximately 10% of their disposable income on food, when those in other countries spend much more. For example, consumers in Mexico spend 23% of their disposable income on food, while those in Nigeria spend 57%. I know this is a hard fact to keep in mind when you get to the checkout at the grocery and you owe $200. However, many times that $200 is not all for food products, and try to keep in mind how much more expensive that same food would be in another part of the world.
Ohio has a lot to offer agriculture – we have good soil, abundant water, plentiful natural resources, and a variety of landscapes. The Muskingum Soil and Water Conservation District is committed to helping keep Ohio’s land productive, its soil healthy, and its water clean through the conservation and the wise use of these resources.
For more information on ways to celebrate National Ag Day, go to www.agday.org